Ground Ivy is an herb found in the Two Rivers region. Its fresh leaves can be boiled and used medicinally in an ointment, along with five-finger and sunburst root, as a remedy for heavy bruising and to stave off infection.
Glechoma hederacea has been used in the traditional medicine of Europe going back thousands of years. Galen recommends the plant to treat inflammation of the eyes. John Gerard, an English herbalist, recommended the plant to treat tinnitus, as well as a "diuretic, astringent, tonic and gentle stimulant. Useful in kidney diseases and for indigestion." It is also useful as a "lung herb." Other traditional uses include as an expectorant, astringent, and to treat bronchitis.
The essential oil of the plant has many potent medicinal properties; the plant has been used for centuries as a general tonic for colds and coughs, and to relieve congestion of the mucous membranes. The plant has been demonstrated by studies in rats and mice to have anti-inflammatory properties. Many of the components of the essential oil have been studied individually and found to have various effects, including protecting against the formation of ulcers. One component, ursolic acid, was found in vitro to have antiviral activity against the Epstein-Barr virus.